To mitigate the effects of climate change and avoid global warming, the Indian Railways is moving towards the goal of becoming the world’s first Green Railway by 2030.
Rail News: Indian Railways has targeted to convert to Green Railway by the year 2030. The Ministry of Railways has taken several significant initiatives to reduce global warming and tackle climate change. Railways have completed the electrification work of over 40,000 route km (RKM), out of which 18,605 km of work was done during 2014-20. Earlier, only 3,835 km of electrification was completed during the period 2009–14.
Railways are Switching to Renewable Energy Sources
The Ministry of Railways is taking various measures to prevent the pollution caused by the release of carbon dioxide. It is working for electrifying the railway tracks, upgrading the locomotives and compartments to save energy, fitting bio-toilets in the trains and switching to renewable energy sources.
40,000 Km Rail Tracks over a Long Distance Have Been Electrified
The electrification work of 18,605 km was completed in 2014-20, and 7,000 km in 2020-21. The Railway Department plans to complete the electrification of all tracks by December 2023.
Railways are Focusing on Solar Energy for Power Generation
The Indian Railways is taking various initiatives to generate electricity from natural resources. It is also working on a project to generate 500 MW of electricity using rooftop solar panels. The work of generating 100 MW of power through roof-mounted plates has been completed at 900 railway stations.
Apart from this, the Railway Department has also taken steps to install solar power equipment on the lands owned by the Railways. The Railway Department has 51,000 hectares of land for the installation of 20 GW of solar power equipment.
Railways are Working Rapidly for Green Railway
The railway department also plans to install efficient wind farms. The wind farms will generate 103 MW of electricity. Skilled plants have already been established by which 21 MW of wind farms have been set up in Tamil Nadu.
Over the next two years, 200 MW of power will be generated in Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Karnataka. The work has been started to install 100% LED lights in all buildings, and railway stations owned by the Railways. More than 2,44,000 bio-toilets have so far been installed in a total of 69,000 train compartments.
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